On August 25, 1981 Sony unveiled a prototype of the first still video camera, the Sony Mavica
. This camera was an analog electronic camera that featured interchangeable lenses and a SLR viewfinder.
At Photokina in 1986, Nikon revealed a prototype analog electronic still SLR camera, the Nikon SVC, a precursor to the digital SLR. The prototype body shared many features with the N8008.
In 1991, Kodak released the first commercially available digital SLR, the Kodak DCS-100
. It consisted of a modified Nikon F3
SLR body, modified drive unit, and an external storage unit connected via cable. The 1.3 megapixel
camera cost approximately US$
30,000. This was followed by the Kodak DCS-200
with integrated storage. Over the next decade, DSLRs have been released by various companies, including Canon
(later Konica Minolta
, and whose camera assets were then acquired by Sony
, and Sigma
, with higher resolutions and lower prices. In 1999, Nikon announced the Nikon D1
the first DSLR to truly compete with, and begin to replace, film
cameras in the professional photojournalism and sports photography
fields. This camera was able to use current autofocus Nikkor lenses
available at that time for the Nikon film series cameras, and was also
able to utilize the older Nikon and similar, independent mount lenses
designed for those cameras. A combination of price, speed, and image
quality was the beginning of the end of 35mm film for these markets.
In January 2000, Fujifilm announced the FinePix S1 Pro
, the first DSLR marketed to non-professionals.